The Table below is a faithful verbatim reproduction of a lead article appearing in  NEWS  FROM  ISRAEL, (Midnight Call
Ministries, SC) - December 1977,  pages 14-17,  entitled
Jewish Viewpoints [Original source: Jews For Jesus].    The
purpose of this expanded model on contemporary Jewish belief positions is not for a doctrinal trilogy per se, rather as
working source material for evangelical witnessing and understanding of  "the three main streams of Jewish religious
thought and how they differ"*.   The ever expanding inter- national importance of
Israel,   the coming Restoration of the
Jewish Nation,  
and fulfillment of Prophecy for the  Jewish people  must be recognized,  understood  and  assimilated
into any  
Christian  Eschatology, in order to have a  'full  and  complete'  revelation of  His Coming.   Sadly,  the at-large  
Christian church has been sorely remiss in teaching much about
our Jewish heritage through Christ, and seldom if ever
teaches about contemporary Jewish
faith and practices, in part or whole.
JEWIISH VIEWPOINTS
ORTHODOX
CONSERVATIVE
REFORMED
HISTORY
Orthodoxy dates back to the
days  of  the  
Talmud (2nd -
5th  centuries).  It  was  the
only form of Jewish practice
prior to the 18th century and
the  emergence  of  Reform
Judaism.   
Orthodoxy  today
seeks to preserve classical
or traditional Judaism
.
Conservative Judaism
emerg-ed in 19th century
Germany as a reaction  to  the
 extreme as-similationist
tendencies of Re-form  
Judaism.   It tried to be a
middle  ground,
attempting  to
maintain basic traditions
while adapting to modern life
.
Reform Judaism emerged
following the emancipation
from  ghetto life  in  the late
18th  century.   It  sought  to
modernize   Judaism  and
thus  stem  the   tide  of as-
similation threatening
Ger-many Jewry.
TERMS
Traditional or Torah Judaism
Historical Judaism
Liberal or Progressive
PERSONS
Samson Raphael Hirsch,
Moses Sofer, Bernard
Revel,
Solomon Schechter, Louis
Ginzberg, Zachariah
Frankel, Isaac Leeser
Moses Mendelsohn, Isaac
Mayer Wise, Abraham
Geiger, Samuel Holdheim
USA MEMBERS
(est. 1992)
820,500 (14%) (10%
non-affiliated, 1% other)
2,340,000 (40%)
2,050,000 (35%)
VIEW OF
SCRIPTURE
Torah is truth, and man
must have faith in its
essential, revealed
character. A true Jew
believes in revelation and
the
divine origin of the oral
and written Torah
.
The Bible is the word of
God AND man
. It is not
inspired in the traditional
sense, but rather
dynamically inspired.
Revelation is an ongoing
process in the evolutionary
sense.
Revelation is a continuous
process.
Torah is a human
document
preserving
history, culture, legends,
and hope of a people. It is
valuable for deriving ethical
insight.
VIEW OF GOD
God is spirit rather than
form.
He is a personal God:
omnipotent, omnipresent,
omniscient, eternal, and
compassionate
Concept of God is
non-dogmatic and flexible.
There is less atheism in
Conservative Judaism than
in Reform, but most often
God is considered
impersonal and ineffable.
Reform Judaism allows a
varied interpretation of the
"God concept",
with wide
room to naturalists,
mystics, supernaturalists,
or religious humanists. It
holds that "The truth is that
we do not know the truth".
VIEW OF MAN
Man is morally neutral, with
good and evil inclination.
He can overcome his evil
bent and be perfected by
his own
efforts in
observance of the LAW
.
The group tends toward the
Reform view, though it is
not as likely to espouse
humanism.
Perfectibility
can come through
enlightenment
. Man is in
"partnership" with God.
Man's nature is basically
good. Through education,
encouragement, and
evolution, he can
actualize
the potential
already
existing within him.
Mankind may be God.
VIEW OF SIN
Orthodox Jews do not
believe in "original sin".

Rather, one commits sin by
breaking the
commandments of the LAW.
Conservative Jews do not
believe in a sin nature
. The
individual can sin in moral
or social actions.
Reform Jews do not believe
in "original sin"
. Sin is
reinterpreted as the ills of
society.
TABLE CONTINUED on NEXT PAGE
Page one of Jewish Viewpoints
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